“Nunca Más” – Entrevista con Oscar Medrano

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El pasado mes de abril, el célebre fotoperiodista Oscar Medrano visitó Duke University para hablar con un grupo de estudiantes acerca de su experiencia como fotógrafo durante una de las épocas más oscuras de la historia del Perú contemporáneo—el conflicto armado que enfrentó a Sendero Luminoso y el Estado peruano (1980-2000). Asimismo, Medrano (quien ha sido galardonado con diversos premios internacionales que incluyen el premio mundial de fotografía de la United Press International en 1974, el premio de excelencia TUMI USA Edición XVII de los Estados Unidos y el premio de La Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos en Perú.) presentó su libro Nunca más. Never again, una colección de las fotos que tomó durante dicho conflicto.

Tuve la oportunidad de entrevistar a Medrano luego de su charla y conversamos sobre su trayectoria fotoperiodística, sus próximos proyectos y la coyuntura electoral peruana. Copio debajo algunas de las frases más destacadas de dicha entrevista, cuya versión completa se puede escuchar haciendo click en el archivo de audio al final del texto.

Sus inicios en la fotografía: “Me trasladé de Ayacucho a la capital para seguir mis estudios. Yo quería abrazar la carrera militar. Yo vivía alojado en la casa de una tía, hermana de mi mamá, y a mi tío le digo ‘Quiero trabajar para ayudar a mis padres.’ De repente, fui a trabajar al diario El Comercio, como ayudante de fotografía. Como era un chico empeñoso a los 16 años, limpiaba, hacía los baños. Me fue gustando. También trabajaba con un ícono de la fotografía, el ‘Chino’ Domínguez. El vio en mí un muchacho que podía ser útil para la fotografía. Inclusive me dijo ‘Tu tienes ojo. Agarra las máquinas. Haz fotos'”.

La fotografía y la formación de una memoria colectiva: “Yo trabajo en la Revista Caretas, algo así como el New York Times. Siempre enaltecen las fotos. Para el director, no hay un texto que supere a las fotos. Es el gusto de informar y a través de esa información, de repente estás dando un granito de arena para que esto no se vuelva a repetir… Cubrir la guerra del 80, de Sendero Luminoso, no ha sido satisfactorio pero he tratado de informar verazmente. Los fotógrafos no podemos mentir. No podemos decir ‘Me lo contaron, me ha dicho, o posiblemente’. Tenemos que llegar al lugar”.

Las habilidades que necesita todo fotoperiodista: “Tener mucha paciencia. Cuando voy a una ceremonia, estoy el primero en la ceremonia y el último en salir. Estoy siempre con el visor en el ojo, listo a poder tomar las imágenes, por más violentas o rápidas que sean. Es vocación y mucha suerte… La fotografía, para mí, registra lo que otros no pueden ver”.

Su próximo proyecto—volver a Ayacucho años después del conflicto armado para tomar fotos de personas felices que han rehecho sus vidas: “Va en camino. Para mí, sería un placer dar la otra cara de la violencia y ya no tomar fotos de gente llorando, ni a niños llorando, sino niños alegres, gozando de plena salud. Cuando fue el Papa a Ayacucho en el ’88 más o menos, y al enterarse de esta insanía de Sendero, él lloró y está en una de mis fotos. Imagínate cómo habrá sido esta insana tan dolorosa que hasta el Papa ha llorado. De repente, otro Papa vendrá a Ayacucho a alegrarse”.

La coyuntura política actual en el Perú: “Nosotros los peruanos tenemos mala suerte con nuestros gobernantes. Querer elegir a la hija del dictador que hemos tenido, no lo veo. Son los mismos gestos, los mismos ademanes de su padre. [Una persona] autoritaria. Ojalá que no sea”.

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(Foto con el fotoperiodista Oscar Medrano. Tomada por: Liliana Paredes)

Aquí puedes escuchar la entrevista completa a Oscar Medrano.

Top-10 Tobacco Road clash: Duke women’s tennis takes on No. 4 Tar Heels

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In the last regular-season Duke-North Carolina matchup of her Blue Devil career, senior Beatrice Capra will battle the top-ranked tennis player in the country.

Now fully adapted to the leadership position she stepped into at the beginning of the year as the only senior on a squad mostly consisting of underclassmen, Capra is up for the challenge.

With all eyes on the Ellicot City, Md., native, No. 10 Duke will face Tobacco Road rival No. 4 North Carolina Tuesday at 3 p.m. at Amber Tennis Stadium. After beating then-No. 14 Wake Forest on the road Saturday, the Blue Devils will continue their stiff 11-day stretch, with matches still left to be played against the Tar Heels, No. 12 Virginia and No. 9 Michigan.

“[The Duke-UNC rivalry] is intense and it’s fun and it’s one of the reasons why these girls come here—to be able to play matches like that,” Duke head coach Jamie Ashworth said. “Obviously, you have the added factor of playing UNC so we don’t have to do a lot of hyping up the match to our team. When UNC is at its best, it’s a very emotional team. We have to go out there and not let them knock us on our ‘heels,’ I would say, not let them knock us backwards emotionally.”

In what promises to be a highly charged environment, the Blue Devils (13-2, 6-1 in the ACC) will need to set the tone by securing the all-important doubles point if they want to defeat a Tar Heel squad that is unbeaten in conference action.

With a team-best 14 victories so far this season, the 14th-ranked tandem of Capra and freshman Ellyse Hamlin will open doubles action against the top-ranked duo of Hayley Carter and Whitney Kay on court one. Sophomore Samantha Harris and freshman Kaitlyn McCarthy will look to capture their fourth consecutive victory when they hit court two against North Carolina’s Jessie Aney and Kate Vialle, with the Tar Heels (19-2, 7-0) trotting out Ashley Dai and Chloe Ouellet-Pizer to compete against Duke’s duo of juniors Chalena Scholl and Alyssa Smith—who have posted 11 wins this season–on the third doubles court.

The Blue Devils claimed the doubles point on the road Saturday against the Demon Deacons and used that early momentum to pick up a comfortable 6-1 win, despite falling behind quickly on most of the singles courts.

“Getting a win [against Wake Forest] to start off this stretch was big and especially how we did it—losing four first sets down at the beginning of that match,” Ashworth said. “We have a resilient group and it was good for us to face a little adversity and know that we can overcome [it] in the middle of a match.”

Following doubles play, No. 28 Capra—who owns an 8-4 singles record—will take on the top-ranked Carter on court one in a match that could go down to the wire. No. 92 Scholl—who has spent time on courts one, two and three this season—will look to continue shining at home against No. 29 Kay and extend her seven-match winning streak.

The Blue Devils will also have three players new to the in-state rivalry. No. 35 McCarthy is projected to match up with North Carolina’s No. 53 Aney, while freshman Christina Makarova will eye her fifth conference victory of the season on court six.

“I’m from North Carolina so I grew up around the rivalry,” McCarthy said. “I’m so excited. It’s going to be crazy. I’m expecting a lot of people. It’s going to be loud, hopefully super emotional and fun. Mainly, I just want to compete and play my best.”

No. 78 Hamlin fell 5-7, 4-6 to Wake Forest’s Luisa Hernández 7-5, 6-4 Saturday but will likely make her Tobacco Road rivalry debut Tuesday.

The young Blue Devils will look to send their senior leader out with a win against a Tar Heel team that has spent much of the season near the top of the ITA rankings.

“[Capra] has done a great job leading this team as the only senior and she has set a great example on the team,” McCarthy said. “She’s been a strong player and she’s been there for everyone and she has also taken care of her business, which is great to see.”

Around the ACC: Week 9…

After finishing second in the ACC’s preseason poll, Virginia took a tumble this week after consecutive, road defeats. The Blue Zone takes a look at how the rest of the conference fared:

No. 5 North Carolina (15-2, 4-0): The fifth-ranked Tar Heels delivered another strong performance this weekend, beating Syracuse 84-73 at the Carrier Dome Saturday. Led by forward Isaiah Hicks—who scored a season-high 21 points and grabbed eight rebounds coming off the bench—North Carolina went on a late second-half run and spoiled Jim Boeheim’s return to the Orange’s bench. Head coach Roy Williams’ team is the highest ranked team in the ACC and will seek its ninth consecutive win Saturday, when they host N.C. State

No. 20 Pittsburgh (14-1, 3-0): The Panthers have had an easy schedule so far this season, notching three consecutive conference wins against unranked teams and 10 straight wins since their lone defeat at the beginning of December. Despite the narrow margins of its two wins this week—89-84 against Georgia Tech Wednesday and 86-82 against Notre Dame three days later—Pittsburgh is gaining momentum and confidence behind forwards Michael Young and Jamel Artis, who have combined to average 33.5 points per game this season. Young and Artis will face a stiff test Thursday when their squad hits the road to take on Louisville.

No. 9 Duke (14-2, 3-0): It was expected that graduate student center Marshall Plumlee would step into a leadership position in the backline during senior Amile Jefferson’s absence but what was not expected was the impact he has had on the offensive end of the court. The Warsaw, Ind., native totaled 39 points this week, with a career-high 21 points in Duke’s 82-58 rout against Virginia Tech Saturday. Three days earlier, the big man finished with a highlight-reel of dunks and layups that helped Duke topple Wake Forest 91-75. Plumlee and the rest of Blue Devils will look to continue their winning ways, when they visit Clemson at the Bon Secours Wellness Arena in Greenville, S.C. Wednesday.

No. 8 Miami (13-1, 2-0): After beating Syracuse in their ACC home-opener, the No. 12 Hurricanes had a full week to prepare their second conference game. The rest paid off and senior guard Sheldon McClellan’s 21 points led the way in the team’s 72-59 win against Florida State Saturday. Guards Davon Reed and Ja’Quan Newton combined for 25 points and six assists and Miami held the Seminoles to just 35 percent shooting. The Hurricanes—who have won eight straight contests—will start the most challenging stretch of their conference schedule Tuesday against Virginia when they play the first of three consecutive road games.

Clemson (10-6, 3-1): Four Tigers scored in double-digits in their 66-62 upset win against Louisville Sunday. Forward Jaron Blossomgame—who averages 15.4 points per contest this season—almost notched a double-double against the Cardinals, scoring a game-high 17 points and grabbing nine rebounds in Clemson’s third consecutive win. The Tigers will have a chance to show they’re for real in the coming weeks as Wednesday’s game against Duke marks the beginning of four straight contests against ranked opponents.

No. 21 Louisville (13-3, 2-1): After starting ACC play by beating Wake Forest 65-57, the Cardinals won their second conference game Thursday when they defeated N.C. State 77-72 in Raleigh, N.C. Guard Quentin Snider stole the spotlight with his career-high 21 points coming off the bench on 7-of-11 shooting. But the sophomore could not repeat his standout scoring numbers Sunday, as he posted just nine points in his team’s defeat at the hands of Clemson. Louisville will take on its first ranked ACC foe of the season Thursday when they face No. 20 Pittsburgh.

Virginia Tech (10-6, 2-1): The Hokies were throttled on the road by Duke Saturday due to a cold-shooting performance from deep and a poor first-half performance. But early in the week, the team got arguably the best win during Buzz Williams’ tenure as coach as they defeated then-No. 4 Virginia 70-68. Led by forward Zach LeDay—who averages 14.9 points and 9.4 rebounds per game—the Hokies will have a chance to get back on track when they take on Wake Forest Wednesday, before facing Georgia Tech three days later.

Georgia Tech (11-5, 1-2): Forwards Quinton Stephens and Nick Jacobs, along with guard Adam Smith, each scored 16 points to propel the Yellow Jackets to a 68-64 upset against the Cavaliers. The Yellow Jackets’ first conference victory was preceded by an 89-84 defeat on the road against Pittsburgh Wednesday, despite Smith’s eight 3-pointers and career-high 30 points. Smith and his teammates will try to capture their second conference win Wednesday when they visit Notre Dame.

No. 13 Virginia (12-3, 1-2): The 13th-ranked Cavaliers dropped their second straight contest on the road against an unranked conference rival Saturday against Georgia Tech. After a narrow upset loss against in-state foe Virginia Tech early in the week, Virginia found itself on the wrong side of the scoreboard again due to a sloppy first half, in which the Yellow Jackets jumped out to a 35-24 lead. Despite guard Malcolm Brogdon’s game-high 19 points, the Cavaliers shot only 4-of-18 from downtown and moved to 0-3 in road games. Things will get no easier for the Virginia as they host No. 8 Miami Tuesday, before traveling to Tallahassee to face Florida State this weekend.

Notre Dame (10-5, 1-2): Notre Dame had no trouble against Boston College Thursday after going on a 21-4 run in the first half to come away with an 82-54 victory. The five Fighting Irish starters scored in double-digits, with guard Demetrius Jackson hitting four triples. Jackson notched a game-high 26 points against Pittsburgh, with nine coming in the last five minutes of the contest, but the Fighting Irish came away empty-handed, as the Panthers remained unbeaten in conference play. Notre Dame plays Georgia Tech Wednesday before visiting the Blue Devils Saturday.

Wake Forest (10-5, 1-2): Despite the 16-point final deficit, Wake Forest gave the Blue Devils a run for their money Wednesday. The senior duo of Devin Thomas and Codi Miller-McIntyre combined for 41 points and 19 rebounds and foul trouble for Duke gave the Demon Deacons a late chance to mount a comeback. Thomas’ third straight double-double propelled the team to its first conference victory Sunday—a 77-74 win against N.C. State. Thomas has the opportunity to continue shining this week, as Wake Forest visits Virginia Tech Wednesday and hosts Syracuse three days later.

Boston College (7-8, 0-2): Boston College has had a rough start to conference play and were easily defeated by the Fighting Irish in their second conference game of the year. In the lopsided loss, center Dennis Clifford and guard Eli Carter notched 13 points apiece, but the team struggled to defend Notre Dame all game. The Eagles duo has two more chances to bring home the team’s first conference win of the season this week as Boston College visits Syracuse Wednesday and Pittsburgh three days later.

Florida State (10-5, 0-3): Things are not looking good for Florida State in the early portion of conference play, as the team remains winless in the ACC. Guard Malik Beasley scored a team-high 13 points and corralled nine rebounds Saturday in the Seminoles loss to Miami. Florida State posted a season-low 59 points against Miami and knocked down only two of their 19 shots from long-range. Beasley—who has averaged 16.7 points per contest in his first season wearing the Florida State uniform—will try to turn the things around for his squad this week in games against N.C. State and Virginia.

N.C. State (10-6, 0-3): For the first time since 2006-07, head coach Mark Gottfried’s Wolfpack are 0-3 in the ACC. In the 77-72 loss against the Cardinals Thursday, N.C. State managed to trim a 13-point deficit to just three with 16 seconds to play, but missed the opportunity to come any closer. Guard Anthony Barber’s game-high 26 points against the Demon Deacons were not enough Saturday as Wake Forest posted a 10-2 run early in the second half that proved to be insurmountable. Gottfried’s team and Florida State will battle Wednesday with the winner coming away with its first tally in the win column during conference play.

Syracuse (10-7, 0-4): If the Orange hope to make the tournament this season, things will have to change quickly. Due to NCAA violations, Boeheim was suspended for nine games until this weekend but his return did not alter the dynamics of a team that has a lot of improving to do on both ends of the court. Senior guard Trevor Cooney scored a season-high 27 points against the Tar Heels but also missed a potential game-winning basket earlier in the week against Clemson. Syracuse will look to avoid an 0-5 start with a win at home against Boston College Tuesday.

Published on Duke’s The Chronicle